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CAHS 2019 Calendar

2019 Calendar 320Christmas is less than three weeks away. Are there aviation enthusiasts on your shopping list who would love to receive an aviation-related gift? How about a copy of the 2019 CAHS Aviation Artists' Calendar? This 13-month calendar features 13 full colour aviation artworks by talented artists within the CAHS membership.

Order deadline is 10 December to ensure delivery before Christmas.

To download the order form, CLICK HERE.

Please email the completed order form to, or return by mail to:

Canadian Aviation Historical Society,
P.O. Box 2700, Station D,
Ottawa, Ontario,
Canada K1P 5W7


The Canadian Aviation Moments were submitted by Dennis Casper from the Roland Groome (Regina) Chapter of the CAHS. Spoiler alert - if you read any further than each question, you will find the answer to the questions directly below. Good luck and have fun!

The Canadian Aviation Moments questions and answers for November are:

Question: Al Lily was Canada’s first pilot to break the sound barrier in early August 1950. Another Avro Aircraft Ltd pilot broke the sound barrier in 1952 and was hailed in error in 1989, by the press as the first Canadian pilot to break the sound barrier, which has since been retracted. Who was the famous Canadian pilot who was deemed, in error, to be the first to break the sound barrier?

Answer: “Later however, media would confuse Al’s accomplishment with that of Jan Zurakowski, a Polish native who moved to Canada in 1952 to join Avro Aircraft Limited in Toronto as chief development pilot. That year, Zurakowski flew supersonic in the Canadair CF-100 Canuck fighter, the first straight-winged jet aircraft to achieve this feat. At the time of his passing in 1989, the press hailed Zurakowski as Canada’s first pilot to break the sound barrier – a factual oversight that had since been retracted.”

Note: Janusz Zurakowski was the chief development test pilot for the Avro Arrow program and flew the Avro Arrow on its maiden flight in 1958.

Source: Airforce Revue – Summer 2010 – Page 23

Question: What caused the Japanese to accelerate, in 1942, the development of the Japanese incendiary balloons (known as Fu-Go Weapons)?

Answer: “Balloons delivering bombs date from 1848 when Austria attempted to bombard rebellious Venice using such ordnance. Japanese design and testing of incendiary balloons (known as Fu-Go weapons) began in 1933. Development of them picked up following the first direct American attack on the home islands (the famous Doolittle Raid of April 18, 1942) and the crippling of the Japanese carrier Flett at Midway in June 1942. Lacking any long-range bombers, Japanese authorities saw the balloon bombs as a chance to strike back, even create Havoc in North America. Their meteorologists were aware of the high-altitude winds that swept across the Pacific, and these winds would be used to deliver the balloons.”

Source: Legion Magazine – Jul-Aug 2009 – Page 46

Question: What does the 419 Squadron motto (Moosa aswayita) mean and what language was it written in?

Answer: “The 419 Squadron motto written in the Cree Indian language was, and still is to this day, Moosa awayita ( Beware of the Moose) in honour of the nickname acquired by the first Commanding Officer, Wing Commander John “Moose” Fulton, Distinquished Service Order (DSO), DFC, Air Force Cross (AFC).”

Source: CAHS Journal - Spring 2010 – Page 17



I was pleased to read the short article in the October CAHS Newsletter, regarding the “Crimson Route’, established by the United States Air Force – from Western Canada to the UK in 1943.

1948 Bill Cameron Radio Room The Pas MB

In 1948, three years after the end of WW-II, I was temporarily posted at The Pas, MB – as (a 19 year old) Radio Operator-Agent, for Canadian Pacific Air Lines, Ltd. CPAL operated a daily DC-3 Service from Winnipeg – via Dauphin, to The Pas; and three times a week the DC-3 continued on to Churchill, MB – and return. The sector from the Pas to Flin-Flon and return, was flown by a Consolidated PBY5-A Canso, based at The Pas.

1948 The Pas Manitoba Control Tower

All the facilities at The Pas, MB had been constructed by the USAAF, and included the Tower/Operations Centre, a Base Hospital, Mess Halls, Barracks, etc, and one fairly large Hangar building. There was one hard-surfaced runway 5,000 ft long.

It was obvious that the buildings had been constructed in a hurry in 1943, and were certainly not built for long-term use. The exterior cladding of all buildings being of black tar-paper, attached with wood strips.

The Pas CRV

The history and purpose for the Base was told at the time, as being two-fold...

  1. An enroute base for ferrying shorter-range aircraft, e.g. North American B-25 types, Douglas DC-3, and P-47 and P-51 fighter aircraft, from Great Falls, Montana Air Force Base, across the so-called Polar Route – to England.

  2. A Great-Circle Route from England to USAAF Bases in Western United States, that could be used to evacuate large numbers of wounded American service personnel, that were expected to occur in the Invasion of France in June 1944.

This planned purpose appeared to be the reason for naming the Route, “The Crimson Route”... A hematological allusion.

In 1948 and 1949 several of the buildings, e.g., the Base Hospital and a few former barracks; were in use as a Tuberculosis Sanatorium, facility, serving First Nations settlements in Northern Manitoba.

The “Crimson Route” was described in 1943-44 as being: Great Falls, Montana – The Pas, MB – Churchill, MB, Frobisher Bay, NWT, Baker Lake, NWT, Sondrestrom Fiord, Greenland; Keflavik, Iceland; Prestwick, Scotland.

The USAAF Ferry aircraft, east-bound, and the Medical Evacuation aircraft, west-bound – would most probably not have landed at every base, on every flight. Every flight-plan being conditional on upper level winds, and weather conditions at en-route bases.

1948 Canadian Pacific ShieldNB.
In 1956 the CPAL DC-6B Polar flights usually operated from Vancouver to Amsterdam, with one, or a maximum two - fuel-stops. (Granted, the DC6B had a greater range than the DC-4 aircraft of 1943-1944.)

William Cameron
CAHS Member 4972


Winston Churchill Parker was POW

by Elaine Thomas

This article originally appeared on the Wartime Wednesdays blog on, and is shared with permission. Photos were provided courtesy of Winston Parker.

Named for the future British prime minister, 100-year-old Winston Churchill Parker of Okotoks, Alberta, joined the Royal Canadian Air Force, served as a Wireless Air Gunner in a Wellington bomber, was shot down on his unlucky thirteenth mission, and spent the rest of the war in a German prison camp.

4 Winston Parker RCAF photo feature

The Early Years

One hundred-year-old veteran Winston Churchill Parker, of Okotoks, Alberta, was born on July 31, 1918, the elder son of English-born parents, Herbert Garfield Parker and Amelia “Millie” Emily Churchill. His mother was a cousin four or five times removed of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Winston has an older sister, Jessie Parker Allwarden Fleischman, who is now 102 years old. He also had a younger brother, Geoffrey Lyons Parker, who died in 1985.

"We were all born in Calgary, but we never lived there. I was just a baby and Jessie was two years old when Dad rented a farm with buildings in the Red Deer Lake District south of the city. Our parents brought us up to be proud of our English roots, so we went to gatherings and school wearing what they considered appropriate, a tie and English-style clothes," he recalls.

This photo shows Winston, left, and his older sister Jessie, at the Millarville Fair in 1921.

1 Winston sister Jessie Millarville Fair 1921 feature

Winston loved the life of a cowboy from a young age. Here he is shown on the left, with his younger brother Geoff on the right.

2 Winston Parker on left with his brother Geoff feature

Winston Rushes to Join the Air Force

Winston studied tractor mechanics at a college that was the forerunner to the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) Polytechnic in Calgary. He was 21 years old and working for the Home Oil Company when the Second World War began.

Britain declared war on Germany on Friday, September 1, 1939, and Winston joined up three days later, on Monday, September 4. This was six days before Canada declared war on September 10.

"I took a half day off work at the Home Oil and joined the Royal Canadian Air Force. It was not a difficult decision. I had been greatly influenced by the flyer Wop May, and when I was a little fellow, the old Wapiti bombers that flew back and forth a few miles northwest of our farm intrigued me. Besides, we had been brought up in the English tradition that if our country needed you, you volunteered."

Because facilities to train aircrews were not yet available, Winston went back home until he was called up in August 1940. His family supported both him and his brother, Geoff, who also had enlisted, serving as an RCAF Wireless Air Gunner.

Here are the three siblings: Winston on the left, sister Jessie, and Geoff on the right.

 3 Winston Jessie and Geoff Parker feature

From Calgary, Winston was sent to four British Commonwealth Air Training bases: first to Brandon, Manitoba; then to Dauphin, Manitoba; back to Calgary; and finally to Mossbank, Saskatchewan.

"In June 1941, we got our wings, graduated as aircrew, and were sent overseas on the RMMV Stirling Castle, a South African luxury liner, with about 150 airmen and several hundred army personnel."

Once he was categorized in England, he was sent to a major Royal Air Force (RAF) station at Cranwell, Lincolnshire. Like his brother Geoff, Winston was a Wireless Air Gunner, meaning that he was responsible for the operation of a gun turret, and sending and receiving wireless messages during the flight.

"The Battle of Britain, which was a fierce air campaign waged by the German Luftwaffe against England, had been over for a while, but the British people considered all aircrew as heroes. It was a little embarrassing because we had just arrived from overseas, but later on, I guess we earned that respect."

In January 1942, Canadian recruiting promotional photos were shot of a typical RCAF crew and a Wellington bomber being refuelled in England.

Winston and his friend, Jimmy Paton, are shown together standing beside the Wellington.

5 Winston Lancaster bomber beside the plane feature

Here are Winston, left, and Jimmy Paton in the cockpit.

 6 Winston Lancaster Bomber in the cockpit feature

A respected pilot and good friend Dick Laing, with whom Winston flew ten missions, is in the centre of this group photo.

7 Winston Lancaster bomber members of crew feature

Here's the bomber being fuelled up, in preparation for a deadly flight over German-occupied territory.

 8 Winston Lancaster Bomber fueling feature

Winston’s first raid was a short trip across the English Channel to Ostend on the coast of Belgium to bomb barges and drop leaflets.

Cut in the shape of an oak leaf, the message warned the German people in their own language: “In Russia, the fallen leaves are covering your fallen soldiers . . . And the snow will cover the fallen leaves that cover your fallen soldiers.”

9 Oak leaf propaganda drop feature

This one reads: "The leaves are falling, and your promised victory will never happen."

10 Oak Leaf 2 propoganda feature

Winston Parker meets Winston Churchill

Winston was posted to 101 Squadron RAF, at a permanent station near Cambridge, England. On his first leave, he went to London to visit his uncle, Prime Minister Churchill’s personal chauffeur.

Winston finally tracked down his uncle with the help of a sergeant at the front desk at Scotland Yard.

"He told me to look for a car with a specific number in a guarded area, protected by barbed wire. After I walked into the lot and started looking around, a Bobbie grabbed me by the shoulder. I told him I was looking for a certain car number that belonged to the prime minister.

"Not buying my story, he marched me back to Scotland Yard, where the sergeant on duty confirmed he had sent me. Another Bobbie offered to escort me to Number 10 Downing Street, a famous address that didn’t have a big, impressive door."

Winston found Mr. Churchill’s personal bodyguard and his uncle in a little office just inside. Winston was having a little visit with them when Mr. Churchill came walking through the foyer.

"My uncle stepped out and said, ‘Sir, I’d like you to meet the boy my brother named after you.’

"Mr. Churchill stopped, and I was introduced. I had always pictured him as a big man, but he wasn’t. Nevertheless, in his dark suit, he was most impressive. I had a signed copy of the famous photo taken by Yousuf Karsh on my living room wall for years."

And here is the photo, taken by the famous Canadian portrait photographer Yousuf Karsh, in 1941.

Winston Churchill by Karsh feature 

Prime Minister Churchill spent 15 or 20 minutes in conversation with his namesake. Since the young Canadian was one of the first to go through the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, the Prime Minister wanted to know about that, as well as what Winston had observed while crossing the Atlantic.

"After I satisfied his curiosity, Prime Minister Churchill turned to my uncle and said, 'Take Parker downstairs and show him the War Room. Tomorrow, bring me in and then take the day off to show Parker around London in my car.'

"I was honored. It was a great privilege to see the top-secret War Room. The walls were covered with large maps with different colored pins stuck here and there. The next day, as we drove around London, the Bobbies stopped traffic and waved us through when they recognized Mr. Churchill’s car. That day, though, the only Winston Churchill in the car was me!"

Thirteen was Winston's Unlucky Number

In the early part of the war, due to the sheer number of German fighters and defences, the average lifespan of an Allied airman was twelve trips. Winston survived those twelve trips, but his luck ran out on April 9, 1942.

"When our aircraft had instrument trouble readying for our thirteenth mission, orders came through for us to pull off to the side and take off as number thirteen. We wondered if that was a bad omen, and it was. Approaching Hamburg, our starboard engine was hit and set on fire. Our pilot gave the order to bail out."

After Winston safely landed and stashed his parachute, he walked for about three hours down a nearby railway track. A little more than 24 hours later, he was picked up by the German equivalent of the Home Guard and held in a farmhouse.

Members of the German Luftwaffe arrived and took Winston to a Dulag Luft, a transit camp for downed Allied aircrew, for interrogation.

"My parents received a telegram from our commanding officer stating that I was missing in action because our aircraft had not come home."

This was followed by a second telegram on April 21, 1942 telling Winston's anxious family that "Sgt Winston Churchill Parker was mentioned in a German broadcast on 20/4/42 as being a prisoner of war. This information should be accepted with reserve pending official confirmation."

Below are copies of both telegrams.

 Telegrams re prisoner of war feature

Winston and some fellow aircrew were sent by train to Stalag VIIIB located in what is now Poland on the Polish-Czechoslovakian border. It was considered a tough, reprisal prisoner of war camp.

"Eventually, we had 135 men to a billet, even though the billets weren’t big. Prisoners slept on and under tables, wherever there was space. The cement floors were so cold our feet literally froze in our leather boots. We were issued clogs to wear around the camp."

The prisoners took the photos using a pinhole camera they devised. Had they been caught, there would have been severe repercussions.

This photo shows the sleeping huts in the camp.

13 Stalog VIIB prisoner huts feature

"If a rainstorm came, we’d get our soap and whip outside to bathe. We were very happy when some chap would get lousy, because the Germans would take our whole billet down to the delousing area. When we stripped off, our bundled clothes were put through a cyanide gas treatment. When we came out of the shower, we would lie down to avoid the deadly cyanide gas fumes, and unwrap our clothes at arm’s length to get dressed."

This photo shows the prisoners trying to shower themselves off in the falling rain.

14 POW taking a shower in the rain feature

Every day, the prisoners received a ration of potatoes, a small slice of black bread about an inch thick, tea made from mint, and soup. Sometimes the soup wasn’t too bad; other times, it was terrible. The daily German ration wasn’t enough to keep the prisoners going.

"We relied heavily on the Red Cross parcels filled with vitamin-fortified foods. When they came in, we were reasonably healthy and felt pretty good. When they didn’t, we didn’t feel good. If it hadn’t been for the Red Cross, we wouldn’t have made it."

In this photo, the airmen are eagerly opening their food parcels.

17 Fellow POWs looking at Red Cross packages feature

Here two prisoners are counting out the rations sent to them by the Canadian Red Cross.

15 Fellow POW opening Red Cross Packages 1 feature 

The prisoners were permitted to send one letter and two cards home every other month. While they could receive all the letters sent by their family and friends, they were allowed only four clothing parcels a year. That was a highlight in their dull, monotonous lives.

Cigarettes were the camp currency. Although Winston didn’t smoke, he used them for barter, once trading packages for three cobs of fresh corn.

Some of the prisoners who were trained as radio technicians constructed a contraband radio that picked up the BBC. The news was copied down in shorthand and passed along by word-of-mouth.

Conditions Grew Even Worse

During the attack by Canadian soldiers on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France, in August 1942, Canadian troops captured some German soldiers. Allegedly, the Canadians bayoneted some of the Germans so they would never fight against the Allies again.

In retaliation, all the POWs who had been serving in the Canadian army were tied up with ropes.

According to Winston: "Not long after that, a bunch of Canadian prisoners were put in a compound not far from us in Stalag VIIIB. Their wrists were tied with cords. We would holler across the fence to them, kind of laughing and teasing, saying, 'They’ll take them off for you on Christmas Day!'

"But our smiles faded when the Germans decided that aircrew would be tied up, too. The cords were so tight they constricted the circulation in our hands.

"Some weeks later, a truck that drove into the compound dumped thousands of handcuff sets. The guards took off our cords and manacled us with handcuffs with 12-inch long chains. Ironically, they had been manufactured in England. While the Germans did take the cuffs off for Christmas Day, it was eleven months before that order was rescinded."

This photo shows a fellow prisoner wearing the handcuffs.

18 Fellow POW wearing manacles feature

"During the years we spent in the prison camp, our faith in God was important. We always had hope, believing we would come home. Some fellows had ideas about what they would do then, and others did not. I knew I wanted to be a rancher."

Winston recalls that when a prisoner in the camp died, he would be given a military funeral at a little cemetery out in the woods. He remembers how very, very cold and miserable it was when The Last Post was played at some of those services, and how hard it was to turn around and leave a comrade there.

This photo shows the dismal sight of a burial in winter.

19 Stalag VIIIB forlorn funerals of fellow POW feature

"We had to find ways to kill time and stay healthy. We walked many, many laps around our compound, and did pushups. We read as much as we could. Whatever material came in, we thumbed through it until it was worn out. An Australian pilot, who was a very good bridge player, taught some of us how to play. I still play bridge once or twice a week."

After several years in the prison camp, Winston came down with pleurisy. He was sent to Lazarett, the camp hospital. Unfortunately, a prisoner in the next bed was very ill with malaria, and Winston contracted it. He has lived with bouts of malaria on and off since.

The Cruel March Out

As the Russian armies neared Stalag VIIIB, the Germans moved their prisoners into columns of men, numbering approximately 1,500, and sent them walking westward on January 22, 1945.

"We marched 35 kilometres at a pretty fast pace the first day, testing our limits. They gave us some shorter marches and occasionally, we’d have a day’s rest. We got so very little to eat that we literally were starving. Some nights, the Germans would bring in big tubs of soup or a ration of bread. Other nights, we were fed nothing. There were no more Red Cross parcels or mail. We sometimes were herded into brick kilns or big sheds filled with straw at night. Other nights, we slept in the open.

"In mid-February 1945, we were marching fairly close to Dresden when we saw more aircraft than we had ever seen in our lives coming over, flying low. During the raid, the German guards ordered the prisoners to lie down in a field and kept their guns trained on them. For nights afterward, they could see the glow of the city of Dresden burning on the horizon."

When the British would make raids at night, they invariably would drop bombs where Winston and his fellow prisoners had slept the night before.

"It gave us great comfort to tell each other: 'They know where we are.' Then one night, the British dropped bombs too close to our column, and one or two of our fellows were killed. I was just shaken up."

Winston and his comrades marched southwest of Hanover. There, the Germans turned them around and marched them back in the direction in which they had come. By that time, as many as six to eight POWs didn’t get up each morning. They had died in the night.

The blue inked line shows the march from Lamsdorf on the right side, dated January 20, 1945, all the way west to Minden and then eastward again to a point east of Hildesheim on April 11, 1945.

That was the day their cruel march ended.

20 Map of long cruel march 1945 feature

"On April 11, 1945, we awoke to find the German guards had fled. The next thing we knew, American jeeps and a couple of tanks came rolling toward us. We were no longer prisoners of war!

"We had spent nearly three months on the road and travelled over 1,000 kilometres, one of the longest forced marches of World War Two. It has been called the Death March."

When Winston reached an English hospital, he weighed only 98 pounds. A nurse, who was caring for him, asked if she might have what was left of his boots, and he happily obliged. Early in July 1945, when the SS Ile de France, the third largest ship afloat, sailed for Canada, he was on it.

"I got back to Calgary in mid-July and my family met me at the CPR Station downtown. Jessie recalls that I was thin, drawn and pale. They were anxious to hear about what I had gone through, but I didn’t want to talk about the war. I wanted to try and forget it."

After the War

Winston's luck had changed. In the ensuing years, he realized his dream of ranching, owning and operating a spread west of Okotoks on the Sheep River. This photo shows him herding cattle, with the historic Christ Church Millarville seen in the background.

21 Winston moving cattle home from summer range Christ Church Millarville in background feature

While pouring his tremendous energy into leaving the land in better shape than he’d found it, he built a reputation for kindness and generosity -- the best kind of neighbor, friend and community builder.

For decades, if something needed to be done, the familiar refrain in that area was: “Let’s ask Parker.”

Winston Writes his Memoirs

After retiring to Okotoks, Winston told his life story to Elaine Thomas and donated the book sale proceeds from his self-published memoir titled Saddles and Service to an endowed scholarship at SAIT Polytechnic for aircraft mechanics.

"I’ve never felt the crews that kept us in the air got the proper recognition and thanks," Winston says.

Saddles Service cover feature

In Canada, you may order a copy of Winston's book online from Amazon by clicking here: Saddles and Service.

In the United States, you may order a copy of Winston's book online from Amazon by clicking here: Saddles and Service.

A widower with no children, Winston celebrated his hundredth birthday on July 31, 2018. He still lives in Okotoks, where he maintains an active lifestyle. He enjoys a game of crib, reading books, visiting with friends and family, and spending time at the Okotoks & District Seniors Club, which he helped to build.

He still plays bridge! Little could he know that a game he learned in the prison camp as a diversion would bring him great pleasure for the rest of his life.

On November 11, Winston, who has been a member of the Canadian Legion since 1945, plans to attend the community’s Remembrance Day service.

Winston Churchill Parker, thank you very much for your willing sacrifice and the suffering you endured while serving your country.

Winston and Elaine feature

About Elaine Thomas

Elaine, who has called Winston her friend since she was five years old, is a Southern Alberta farm girl who studied journalism at SAIT Polytechnic in Calgary.

An award-winning non-fiction writer, Elaine spent decades both as a corporate public relations professional, and an independent communications consultant and business writer, before returning to her niche -- storytelling.

The author of several books and many special publications, Elaine shares the memories of those who reside in small towns and rural communities in feature articles and her newspaper columns. Elaine and her husband, Emil, live on a farm in Central Texas.

In November, Elaine’s new book, Veterans’ Voices and Home Front Memories, debuts. In this 303 page-turner, she recounts the first-person stories of 63 veterans and female civilians, all with ties to Fayette County, Texas. The book features more than 100 photos and illustrations.

Following Winston’s example, Elaine and Emil are donating profits from book sales to an endowed scholarship at Blinn College in Schulenburg, Texas.

Read more about Elaine by clicking here: Elaine Thomas.


Canada remembered the 65th Anniversary of the Korean War Armistice in 2018

Photos and report by Gord McNulty, CAHS Vice President

Canadians joined with veterans of the Korean War at ceremonies across the country this year to mark the 65th Anniversary of the Armistice that ended the bitter conflict in 1953. One of the largest events took place on July 27 at the Korea Veterans National Wall of Remembrance at Meadowvale Cemetery in Brampton, Ontario.

The polished granite memorial features 516 bronze plaques inscribed with the names of the Canadians who lost their lives in a rugged environment far from home. It also has a plaque that honours Canadian Forces Participation in United Nations Operations in Korea during the fighting from 1950 to 1953 and those who served in a peacekeeping mission until 1956. In addition to listing the various Canadian Army units and eight Royal Canadian Navy ships that served, the plaque recognizes the service of the RCAF 426 (Thunderbird) Squadron and 22 RCAF pilots who flew with the U.S. Fifth Air Force.

The Meadowvale ceremony, hosted by the Korea Veterans Association, Ontario Region, is an annual event that was especially significant with the anniversary this year. At one of the most poignant moments during the service, the remaining veterans in attendance placed a poppy on each of the bronze plaques. They were joined by the large gathering of attendees, including numerous government representatives.

The dignitaries included Ontario Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Dowdeswell, the keynote speaker; Senator Yonah Martin, who is the first Canadian of Korean descent to serve in the Senate and the first Korean-Canadian parliamentarian in Canadian history; and senior officials from the KVA and the South Korean Embassy in Ottawa.

Sunny skies prevailed for the occasion, with excellent music played by army, sea and air cadets from the Blackdown Cadet Training Centre Band at CFB Borden. More than 100 cadets participated with precision marching. An impressive and moving occasion, the ceremony at Meadowvale and others across Canada will undoubtedly help to erase the unfortunate perception of the Korean conflict as Canada’s “forgotten war.”

The various speakers noted the survivors who returned retain deeply etched memories of the horrors and tragedies of war. But they also take comfort in knowing they played their part in defending the freedom of the South Korean people and helping build the foundations of the strong and prosperous nation that South Korea is today.

A most enjoyable reception took place at the Royal Canadian Legion, Branch 609, where it was a pleasure to meet Col. Chang Bae Yoon, South Korea’s military attache in Ottawa, and his wife Soyoung Lee. It was the first time that I’ve seen the Korea Veterans National Wall of Remembrance. I would like to thank HooJung Jones Kennedy, a tireless advocate for Korean veterans and a member of 447 Wing (City of Hamilton) RCAFA for her efforts and those of all of the veterans who made the day so successful.

Ontario Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Dowdeswell spoke at the Memorial Service to remember the 65th Anniversary of the Cessation of Hostilities of the Korean War

Ontario Lieutenant Governor Elizabeth Dowdeswell spoke at the Memorial Service to remember the 65th Anniversary of the Cessation of Hostilities of the Korean War.

Chung Tae In Consul General of Kore spoke during the July 27 Memorial Service in remembrance of the end of the Korean War

Chung Tae-In, Consul General of Korea, spoke during the July 27 Memorial Service in remembrance of the end of the Korean War.

Senator Yonah Martin presents a wreath on behalf of Canada during the memorial service at Meadowvale Cemetery on July 27

Senator Yonah Martin presents a wreath on behalf of Canada during the memorial service at Meadowvale Cemetery on July 27.

Sunny skies prevailed as Korean War veterans proudly gathered for the Memorial Service at Meadowvale Cemetery July 27 2018

Sunny skies prevailed as Korean War veterans proudly gathered for the Memorial Service at Meadowvale Cemetery, July 27, 2018.

Inscription at the Wall of Remembrance honours Canadian Forces Participation in UN operations Korea 1950 53 56

Inscription at the Wall of Remembrance honours Canadian Forces Participation in UN operations, Korea, 1950-53-56.

Air cadets from the Blackdown Cadet Training Centre Band marched with precision at Meadowvale Cemetery on July 27

Air cadets from the Blackdown Cadet Training Centre Band marched with precision at Meadowvale Cemetery on July 27.

HooJung Jones Korean War veterans advocate and husband Don Kennedy present a wreath during the ceremony

HooJung Jones Kennedy, Korean War veterans advocate, and husband Don Kennedy present a wreath during the ceremony.

The Korea Veterans Colour Party at the Memorial Service at Meadowvale Cemetery July 27 2018

The Korea Veterans Colour Party at the Memorial Service at Meadowvale Cemetery, July 27, 2018.

A diversified group of cadets from the Blackdown Training Centre CFB Borden joined Korean War veterans at the Meadowvale Cemetery Memorial Service

A diversified group of cadets from the Blackdown Training Centre, CFB Borden, joined Korean War veterans at the Meadowvale Cemetery Memorial Service.

Gord Soyoung Lee her husband Col Chang Bae Yoon military attache of South Korea a Korea Veterans Association rep

Gord; Soyoung Lee; Col. Chang Bae Yoon, military attache of South Korea; a Korea Veterans Association rep.

Enjoying reception from left SoYoung Lee HooJung Col Chang Bae Yoon Angie McNulty Don Kennedy

Enjoying reception, from left, Soyoung Lee; HooJung; Col. Chang Bae Yoon; Angie McNulty; Don Kennedy.

Sabre pic upgraded

MiG Alley Air Shows Canadair Sabre 6 in USAF Korean War colours at London air show, Sept. 7, 2018.


On November 11th, one hundred years ago, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day, of the eleventh month, the Armistice ended the fighting in the First World War. It was war that cost Canada over 66,000 dead and 172,000 wounded, not to mention the psychological scars of the returning veterans. At a time when Canada’s population was less than 8 million, the contribution of over 650,000 personnel was recognized as solidifying the birth of our nation.

All of us know that our freedom is not free. It has cost us dearly over this last century. On behalf of the board of directors and every member of the CAHS, I wish to express our deepest gratitude to all the members and families of our armed forces that keep our great country safe.

We will remember them and honour their sacrifice. Thank you for standing on guard for thee.

Blue skies,
Gary Williams
National President
The Canadian Aviation Historical Society

hundred days armistice